Dunfermline Burgh Records 1503 - The quilk day the borcht funde be Andro Piper upon Rob Purrock, teucheing and vrangis stublyn of him and brekkin of his pipe. It wes funde of avale therfor the sade Robert was amerciat and dome given thereapon
A town piper was appointed in Dunfermline on the 15th January 1700 (Burgh Records) where "The said day the counsell elected John Bell to be their pyper." On the 11th August 1701 the duties of the pyper and drummer are elaborated:
The curfew bell of Dunfermline continued to be rung until Local Government Reform in 1975.
The piper and drummer did not attend their duties conscientiously, for in 1727 they were dismissed: The Council considering that ye drummer and ye pyper were very negligent in their office, and went rarely through ye toun not withstanding seavral reproofs, thairfor deprived them both of their offices.
The Council of Dunfermline had one last attempt to secure a musician to waken them in the morning. On 24th July 1727- The said day ye counsell agreed that ye toun shall have no pyper, but a hautboy (oboe) in place thereof, and elected William Ferguson to be ye touns hautboy. And that he have three pounds sterling of yearly cellary to commence fra ye 24th day of June last. The wise councillors were obviously unaware that the hautboy or classical oboe was perfected and derived from the bagpipe chanter by a French bagpipe maker Jean Hotteterre.
No. I, is a German flute, of the ordinary size, which plays the tune, the fingers operating in the ordinary way.
No. 2 is a large C flute, which sounds the key note of the tune, the tone being altered with corks which fit the finger holes, and the mouth hole of it is shut and opened by a lever valve moved by the thumb of the left hand.
No. 3 The bellows that fills No 4 which is an air cistern; the air being pressed up the two air pipes by the pressure of the left arm. No 5 is a chest for holding music books..No 6 is a table for the book. No 7 is the lap frame upon which the whole apparatus is erected —- The Glasgow Mechanics Magazine 31st July 1824.
Called by FRIEND HATTON, the Inventor, a CHAMBER FLUTE-ORUM for sacred music or slow songs.